Lifestyle

7 Typical Reasons for High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Technically, HBP is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and resistance to flow in the arteries. High blood pressure affects people all over the world. According to the World Health Organization, it causes about 7.5 million deaths worldwide.

To understand the severity of HBP, these deaths comprise 12.8 percent of all recorded deaths. With such shocking statistics, it helps to know what the major causes of high blood pressure are. Below are seven good reasons for high blood pressure symptoms:

1. Age

Statistics indicate that age is one of the most common risk factors for high blood pressure. If you break this down in terms of numbers, it means that 80 percent of people aged 65 and above have measurable high blood pressure.

Typically as you age, the blood vessels become less flexible and consequently, blood is not pumped appropriately. About 60 percent of these high blood pressure cases are diagnosed with isolated systolic hypertension, which refers to a blood pressure of over 140 mm Hg.

2. Family History

Sometimes, the reasons for high blood pressure have been predetermined from birth. Heredity is the process by which traits are passed down from one generation to another through genes. This means you are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure if there is a history of HBP in your family.

In most cases, families do not live very far apart; hence, you are likely to be exposed to the same environment that could increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. Add to heredity factors, poor lifestyle choices, and you are likely to be under a high risk of hypertension.

3. Smoking

Smoking is the most common unhealthy lifestyle choice that people often make, and it’s one of the reasons for high blood pressure. Although it does not directly affect your blood pressure, the nicotine in the cigarettes does. Most smokers have a raised blood pressure, a raised heart rate, and narrow arteries.

Smoking also increases your chances of suffering a stroke or heart attack. Besides, second-hand smoke is as bad, if not worse than, the actual smoking.

4. Obesity and Overweight

Piling on those that extra pounds may not be a good idea after all. Being obese exposes you to many health complications. Other than high blood pressure, obesity predisposes you to diabetes, heart disease, cancers, stroke, fatty liver, and high cholesterol. Clearly, if you are overweight and you haven’t already started your weight loss journey, you might want to start doing it now.

5. Race and Ethnicity

Statistics indicate that African-American, native Hawaiians, Asian or Indian /native Alaskan are more predisposed to developing high blood pressure compared to Hispanics or white Europeans. Although the reason for this has not been conclusively determined, many theories have tried to explain this fact. Some researchers blame a gene found in the former group that makes them more sensitive to salt.

Of course, anyone is predisposed to high blood pressure irrespective of their race or ethnicity. However, African Americans, Asians and Native Hawaiians and Alaskans are especially vulnerable to HBP.

6. Physical Inactivity

If you hardly move your body, you might be more exposed to HPB risks than physically active people. Regular physical activity is one of the first treatment options a doctor will recommend to lower your blood pressure. However, before engaging in a rigorous exercise routine, get clearance from your doctor to avoid complications.

If you are not careful, exercising while suffering from high blood pressure might end up doing you more harm than good. Besides prescribing high blood pressure medication, your doctor will run tests on you to determine the type of exercises you can undertake without endangering your health.

7. Sleep Apnea

This is a sleep disorder in which breathing keeps on stopping and starting. Sleep apnea mainly affects people who snore loudly. Those suffering from this condition also feel tired in spite of having a whole night of sleep. Due to the interruption in breathing, oxygen levels in the blood decrease, resulting in elevated blood pressure. Among the different types of sleep apnea, the one that puts you at risk of developing high blood pressure is referred to as obstructive sleep apnea. Other complications that could arise from this type of sleep apnea include heart attack, stroke, and abnormal heartbeats.

Regular monitoring of your blood pressure is critical for your health and general wellbeing. This is especially important if you are overweight or if there is a history of HBP in your family. Besides, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle will lower your chances of being diagnosed with high blood pressure.  However, before you engage in any exercise regime, seek medical assistance to make sure your heart can take the extra workload.

This will keep you from getting into more trouble such as suffering from stroke. At the end of the day, remember that those seemingly minor lifestyle adjustments could be just what you need to keep a heart attack away.

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