12 Best Cleaning and Sanitizing Procedures to Maintain Hygiene

Cleaning and sanitizing are essential for preventing diseases, illnesses, allergies and pest infestation. Although they can be combined, they are two separate processes. Cleaning will help to remove dirt and grease, while sanitizing will kill the germs.

Dirty premises can attract pests, mice and other insects that can spread diseases. It is essential for both companies and residential properties to identify the areas that require regular cleaning followed by sanitization, especially for food contact surfaces. Even tools like brooms, mops and sponges should be kept cleaned and sanitized, as they can be a source of microbial contamination. These tools should be washed and sanitized after every use and then stored in a clean location.

The sanitizer used should be appropriate to use for food contact surfaces. However, remember that a sanitizer that is too strong can harm your health, while one that is too weak will not kill the germs. Find the right sanitizer that is eco-friendly and effective for all types of surfaces.

Regular cleaning and sanitizing can prevent bacteria growth on both surfaces and equipment. These chores ensure that the environment is safe and gives an excellent impression to visitors. Here are the best cleaning and sanitizing procedures, which can be applied at home, or the workplace:

1. Prepare a cleaning schedule

A cleaning schedule is suited for companies, but can also benefit residential properties. The program will ensure weekly cleaning for specific areas. This way cleaning does not become an overwhelming task.

2. Make a list of supplies

When you have a cleaning schedule prepared, you will know precisely the detergents and sanitizing products you need to purchase for the weekly cleaning process. Always have three different fabrics – one for cleaning, one for rinsing and one to apply the sanitizer. When selecting cleaners make sure they are non-corrosive and safe to use.

3. Read instructions

It is essential to read the instructions of all cleaning agents and sanitizing products, you buy. This way you understand how they work and what types of sponges or fabrics can be used to apply these products.

4. Determine the areas to be cleaned and sanitized

All surfaces including garbage containers, shelves and walls should be cleaned and rinsed. This will ensure that no harmful bacteria are transferred from a contaminated area to the cleaned area.

5. Start with pre-cleaning

Before cleaning, make sure that the surfaces are wiped, and all food scraps and dust are removed. Vacuum or sweep the floor to ensure it is free from particles. You or the person you hire can use a nylon brush or a cloth towel to remove all particles.

6. Move to a proper clean

Cleaning will help to remove all particles such as food, dust or soils from surfaces. You or the person you hire can use a good cleaning detergent that is eco-friendly and powerful for all types of surfaces. Make sure to select the right cleaning agent for food surface contacts. The detergent you use should entirely remove the grease and dirt on the surface.

7. Unplug equipment

If you are cleaning machines or equipment, ensure these devices are unplugged from its power supply. Use cleaning agents suitable for the equipment or machines you are cleaning. Warm water might be the best way to clean machines and equipment. Soon after it is important to wipe it dry.

8. Cleaning all areas

It is not only the surfaces that need to be cleaned. You have to make sure that doors, walls, shelves, garbage bins and cupboard handles are also cleaned.

9. Rinse the surface

Once you have applied the cleaning agent, the next step is to use clean water or a damp towel to rinse the surface removing any excess water or cleaning agent.

10. Move to sanitizing

Surfaces that look clean may still have germs that you cannot see. Many types of bacteria are naturally present on various surfaces or in the surrounding environment. The sanitizing process can begin when you can verify that the surface is entirely clean. Sanitizing will remove as well as destroy the germs. This step ensures the surface is safe and free from contamination. Never add liquid soap to sanitizers. Also, remember that some sanitizers are toxic, so you want to make sure to use one that is food-safe. This sanitizer can also be used for dishes and utensils.

11. Air dry the surface

After sanitization, rinse with warm flowing water if needed. Sanitizers come in two forms: you may have to leave it on or rinse it off. Soon after, you have to leave the surface, counter or equipment to air dry. Remember not to sanitize dirty surfaces!

12. Verification

Verification is the final step. You want to check the surface or equipment to ensure there is no visible residue present.

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